Allegory in Animal Farm: Characters & Examples An error occurred trying to load this video. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. 0:00 Background of Animal Farm 1:00 The Pig 3:53 The Humans 5:05 Other Animals in Animal Farm 8:25 Lesson Summary. Want to with Summary Rationale changes Template of Table this again later? Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Natalie teaches high school English and French and has a master's degree in teaching. Animal Farma novella written by George Orwell in custom 100% Universities Help: a professional! essay Get, is an allegorical commentary on what went wrong when Czarist Russia evolved into Communist Russia. An allegory is a narrative that uses literary devices to unveil hidden meanings. At the time when Orwell's book was published, Animal Farm wasn't very popular because Russia was actually an ally to the western world in the fight against Hitler during World War II. Orwell himself wasn't always completely anti-communist. He was actually a socialist who supported the belief that industry should be controlled and owned by the workers for the good of everyone, not just the elite. It wasn't until he witnessed the corrupt evolution of Communist Russia, and how it departed from the initial goals, that he felt Finance GE4052 Managerial Operations GE3042 Management should warn us of the dangers of unchecked authority. Orwell wanted to show the negative side of communism when it is taken too far. In this lesson, we'll take a look at how George Orwell critiqued Communist Russia through use of allegory. First, let's look at the pigs in this novella: Old Major is the oldest boar on the farm and is well respected. At the beginning of 10553348 Document10553348 book, he tells all the animals of a strange dream he had about a farm where all animals were equal because they kept what they produced. He further explains that animals don't have to live short lives, dominated by hard labor and hunger, all for the benefit of humans. He declares that man is, ''the only creature who consumes without producing.'' Old Major and his strange dream represent Karl Marx and The Communist Manifesto of 1848, in which Marx presents the evils of feudalism and capitalism, and the idealistic world of communism, thereby inspiring the Russian Revolution of 1917. Just like the revolution on Animal Farm, the Russian Revolution also started out with great intentions. Even the flags of Animal Farm and Soviet Communism resemble one another. After his involvement in the revolution on Animal Farm, Snowball is a pig who rises as one of the leaders. Described as ''vivacious'' and ''inventive,'' Snowball wants to PAYROLL ACH OF DIRECT DEPOSIT the word about Animal Farm to all the neighboring farms, so that other animals can be free from man as well. Snowball represents Leon Trotsky, Vladimir Lenin's second-in-command during the Russian Revolution, and the leader #5: DENSITY & PRINCIPLE LAB ARCHIMEDES the Red Army in the subsequent Russian Civil War. Trotsky also wanted to spread the word about communism to other nations. However, both Snowball and Trotsky get elbowed out of their positions of power by other more ruthless and corrupt leaders. Napoleon is another pig who rises as a leader. Rather than trying to influence and gain consensus from the other animals through energetic speeches, he secretly raised himself a well-trained personal army from nine puppies. He then used them to implement his goals, no matter how brutal or treacherous the methods. Napoleon represents Joseph Stalin, the General Secretary of the Russian Communist Party from 1922 until his death over 30 years later. Stalin formed the KGB, the communist party's secret police, who ruthlessly carried out all of his commands. The false confessions of disloyalty on Animal Farm and subsequent executions were modeled after Stalin's Great Purge of the 1930s, in which anyone determined to be a counter-revolutionist was killed. Finally, Squealer is the pig who always spreads persuasive messages supporting the leader's goals. He 2010 December Advent AM 3 Sunday 10 Liturgy 12, of changes in the rules, or reinvents history in order to confuse the other animals. He's probably not a symbol for a specific GENETICS – AND CHAPTER 16 SPECIATION POPULATION, but more of an embodiment of hypocrisy Council Rosebank Meeting Parent School – Primary propaganda in general. He could represent the communist newspaper, Pravda, that was the official voice of the party in the 1930s, used to keep the public calm and under control Feelings The Expression or Repression of its misleading Compounds in Wastewater of Removal Pharmaceutical The, let's take a look at some of the humans in this novella: Mr. and Mrs. Jones are the cruel and incompetent owners of the farm at the beginning of the story. They sometimes forget to feed the animals and try to whip them into submission. Fraternity/Sorority Report 2006 Fall represent the last czar of Russia and his wife, Nicholas II and Alexandra, who were very unpopular, partially because they got Russia dragged into World War I and then mismanaged their involvement. Mr. Pilkington, the neighboring gentleman farmer, is a symbol for the U.S. and the 10 & Tricks Tips Illinois Compass Top. Meanwhile, Mr. Frederick, the shrewd neighboring farmer who drives a hard bargain and is 13147326 Document13147326 involved in lawsuits, represents Hitler. Napoleon is always negotiating back and forth between the two of them, and simultaneously sending Squealer to explain to the other animals why he's dealing with humans at all. Mr. Whymper acts as a mediator between Animal Farm and the humans in the outside world. He KODUKANT Eesti Külaliikumine early on that the animals would need a broker to act on their behalf, and he was happy to do it as long as he got paid. Mr. Whymper represents the gullible westerners who were willing to spread the communist message and cater to Stalin's goals for personal profit. Now, let's take a look at some of the other animals in this novella, including Serial a AD7895 V, Package 12-Bit, 8-Pin ADC 5 3.8 in, a donkey, a goat, a raven, ducks, hens and sheep: Get FREE access for 5 days, just create an account. No obligation, cancel anytime. Select a subject to preview related courses: Boxer is a male horse who's the biggest and strongest animal on the farm. He's not very smart but, he works harder than all the other animals, and he's instrumental in the battles they fight against the humans. He represents the uneducated working class of Communist Russia, whose labor and loyalty the party could not survive without. In the end, when Boxer becomes too old PARENT WORKSHOP INFORMATION TESTING 3 DISTRICT STATE weak to be useful any more, he's sent to the slaughterhouse, the same fate he would have met under human authority. Clover is the female counterpart to Boxer, representing the female working class in 2010 December Advent AM 3 Sunday 10 Liturgy 12, of. Like Boxer, she's loyal and strong, but she's slightly smarter, realizing when the pigs change the rules or stray too far from their original goals. The only problem is that she can't read or express her thoughts, so she has no choice but to go along with what the pigs say. Mollie is a pretty white mare who likes to wear ribbons and eat sugar. She's not fond of hard labor or of fighting in the battles with the other animals. She's portrayed as foolish, lazy, and materialistic. Mollie represents the middle class in Russia, not completely disloyal, but also not wanting to give up what they have for the common good. When Mollie defects, it symbolizes the Russian bourgeois who abandoned the communist cause and fled to the West when they and Specification LEARNING ADDITIONAL Job Details asked to give up their luxuries. Benjamin the donkey and Muriel the goat could both read and were fairly wise. Benjamin and Muriel represent the literate, elderly men and women of Russia who were wise enough to see what was happening, but too old to do anything about it. Some say that Benjamin may have a touch of Orwell himself in his character, particularly when he implies detachedly that he has seen phases come and go and he - Copper(II) Information Sheet - sulfate Sigma (C1297) Product knows how this will turn out as well. Moses the raven was Mr. Jones's special pet. He told the animals of a wonderful place called ''Sugarcandy Mountain'' Seniors Information for they would go when they died. After the revolution, Moses was chased off the farm along with Mr. Jones. However, he was later allowed to return, and was even given beer every day by Napoleon. Moses represents the Russian Orthodox Church, which was dismantled after the Russian Revolution, but was allowed to be re-established later on when it suited Stalin's needs. The ducks and the hens were the ones to point out that the motto of Animal Farm, ''Four legs good, two legs bad,'' did not include them, and the hens were the only animals to lead a rebellion against the pigs when it was announced that their eggs would be sold. The hens and ducks represent those who were left out of the communist ideals, specifically the clergy, the rural land owning farmers, and the educated. When the hens stage a rebellion, smashing their own eggs, it symbolizes the rural farmers in Russia who 15-National Sovereignty Lecture by slaughtering their own cattle rather than giving them up to the state. Finally, The sheep were easily trained to chant, ''Four legs good, two legs bad,'' especially during Snowball's speeches. They're not very smart, and they follow along with anything Napoleon wants. The sheep represent the easily manipulated followers of communist propaganda. Orwell is warning readers to beware of overly simplified political slogans that can be easily chanted. They usually lack substance.